Understanding Wikimedia audiences in South Africa to achieve knowledge equity


  • Online survey
  • Survey dates: 14-21 October 2021
  • Target audience: Online population
  • 1,000 South Africans of colour
  • 500 nationally representative sample of South Africans for comparison


There are cultural and country nuances in the South African market that are reflected in the language and data in this report, which should be taken into account when reading the report.

  • The term ‘coloured’ in South Africa refers to members of multi-ethnic communities, and is officially regarded as one of the four race groups in the country
  • Wikipedia awareness is low in South Africa at a total market level. The data only represents the population of South Africans who are online
  • We found that the Black population in South Africa is younger (which reflects country government data) and relatively more tech savvy as compared to their White counterparts
  • Members of the Black demographic who responded to this survey generally come from a higher socio-economic background of online users, and therefore don’t reflect the total Black population in South Africa

Key Insights

  • Black people feel well represented in media, but not as much on Wikipedia
  • There is opportunity to better engage and represent South Africa’s coloured demographic
  • There is opportunity to improve on the representation of South Africa’s languages on Wikipedia
  • There is an opportunity to increase and improve content about physical & mental health

Usage and Awareness

  • Coloured men and Asian women are the most aware of Wikipedia
  • While Asian women are most likely to use Wikipedia, white and coloured women are less likely to.
  • Black people are most likely to use Wikipedia for business, with other groups interested more in history

Perception and Representation

  • Wikipedia is seen as not valuing SA specific issues like the AbM (disambiguated as “Abahlali baseMjondolo”) movement, youth unemployment, and black economic empowerment
  • Coloured women, LGBTQI+ people and those with health conditions see Wikipedia as having less integrity or empathy, while coloured women and those with health conditions also see Wikipedia as least inclusive


  • Men and those with health conditions most likely to claim have edited, while the members of the white demographic are the least interested in editing
  • Coloured people are more interested in editing Wikipedia in order to increase inclusivity & representation

See the complete report

Help us unlock the world’s knowledge.

As a nonprofit, Wikipedia and our related free knowledge projects are powered primarily through donations.

Donate now


Editors contribute to Wikimedia projects every month

68+ million

Media files on Wikimedia Commons

1+ billion

Unique devices access Wikimedia projects every month

Contact us

Questions about the Wikimedia Foundation or our projects? Get in touch with our team.

Wikipedia is here to stay

People are why Wikipedia continues to persist.

Read more

7 motivos para você doar para a Wikipédia

A Fundação Wikimedia, garante que cada doação que recebemos é reinvestida para servir a Wikipédia, projetos Wikimedia e nossa missão de conhecimento livre.

Read more

Photo credits

Wikimedia 2022 4020

Wikimedia Foundation


SA usage

SA topics