Freedom of speech is essential to the Wikimedia movement—the projects cannot flourish in an ecosystem where individuals cannot speak freely. Our users trust us to protect their identities against unlawful disclosure, and we take this responsibility seriously.
However, every year, governments, individuals, and corporations ask us to disclose user data. Often, we have no nonpublic information to disclose because we collect little nonpublic information about users and retain that information for a short period of time. But when we do have data, we carefully evaluate every request before considering disclosure. If the requests do not meet our standards—if they are overly broad, unclear, or irrelevant—we will push back on behalf of our users.
Below, you will find more information about the requests for user data we receive.
This report covers requests we received between January and June, 2023. For historical data, please see our past reports.
User accounts potentially affected
User accounts actually affected
User accounts notified
Type of information requested
0%Content requests100%Non-content requests
We divide the requests we receive by the type of information requested: “content” or “non-content.”
Most content information on the Wikimedia projects is the public content of articles and project pages; “non-content” information refers to information such as IP addresses or user agent information. The distinction comes from the Electronic Communications Privacy Act, or ECPA. Please see our FAQ for more information.
Comparison of user information requested and granted
Compared to other companies, we received relatively few requests, and granted relatively low percentages.*
* Due to the inconsistent release dates across different organizations, comparison data for the period covered by this report (January 2023–June 2023) was not available, so we are presenting the comparison data above for July 2022–December 2022. Please also note that figures for Wikimedia include additional types of requests for user data that are not included in the other organizations’ figures. See the FAQ for more details.
User information: government requests
Informal government request
National Police Regional Police
State Police Federal Agency
Cyber Police City Police
City Police Government Agency
International court orders
User information: emergency disclosures
1Emergency requests15Voluntary disclosures
We report two types of emergency disclosures, which happen on rare occasions.
Second, we proactively contact the authorities when we become aware of troubling statements on the projects, such as suicide threats or bomb threats. We take these statements seriously and assess each one individually, contacting law enforcement as appropriate to help resolve the issue. We call these “voluntary disclosures”.